第一节 语法填空（共10小题：每小题1. 5分，共15分）
On the first day of my first grade, I stood by the door with butterflies my stomach. I 1 （voice）my biggest concern to my mother. ＂How will I make frds?＂ She ded me advice. ＂Be yourself.＂ For the past 20 years. I have lived by these words. Soon I will graduate d become part of the real world. Nervously 2 （face） ges, I ow I will whisper to 3 （I） the two sple words ＂Be yourself＂.
Earth Day, 4 （mark）on 22 April, is nual evt g to raise public awaress about virontal protection. First celebrated 5 1970, the Day now cludes evts more t 190 countries d regions（地区）. No matter what you like to do, there is a way to get volved various 6 （activity） on Earth Day. You pt a tree, make a meal with locally grown vegetables, or save power - the possibilities are dless.
Does the ne of the college you attd really matter? Research on the question 7 （suggest）that, for most stuts, it doesn't. What stuts do at college ss to matter much more t 8 they go. The stuts efittg most from college are those 9 are totally gaged（参与） ic life, tg full advtage of the college's ces d resources（资源）. Stuts should have a proper attitude towards college before tg about which college to attd, d it's never too early to make necessary preparations for a healthy d 10 （g）college experce.
Regardless of the weather or the distce, Paul Wilson will make sure locome stuts his neighbourhood arrive at their college classes on te.
A retired eer, 76-year-old Wilson has 11 free rides to college stuts for the past eight years. Sce he first started 12 his car to the young people. Wilson has 13 astonisg 64, 000 miles, d has had countless pleast d oft humorous 14 with the stuts he trsports to d from school. The stuts who he's 15 have gone on to become physs, teachers d eers, but what they've also got out of their te school is g a role model d a frd Wilson. Some stuts 16 call
Ta Stern 17 rides from Wilson for all her four years college, d the trips t much more to her t just free 18 . "It's not just a ride；you're not just sittg there 19 sce or with your headphones on.＂ Stern said. ＂He asks you questions d actually 20 the swers, so the next te you ride with , he'll 21 those tgs."
Wilson first worked as a driver through a stut-support progrme of the non-profit orization, On Pot for College. Although the 22 asks the bers only to drive stuts to d from their classes, Wilson oft goes 23 to sure the welfare d safety of the stuts. If they have pros with registration.
Wilson is there to 24 t. If they run out of cert daily necessities. Wilson will drive to the nearest store d purchase what's needed. If a stut gets hungry on the long drives to d from school, Wilson never 25 to buy t a meal.
For y stuts, Wilson's help is not only appreciated, it's also tirely 26 for t to be able to complete their college education. Some stuts don't have a reliable car, while others have to 27 vehicles with parts who work six days a week. For t, rg with Wilson has 28 t to complete their education - but accorg to Wilson, he efits just as much from the 29 . ＂I just love drivg d I love these kids, "Wilson said. "It's such a（n） 30 to be a part of these kids' lives, ev just for a few hours, gettg to ow t d hearg their stories."
11. A. g B. sg C. offerg D. distributg
12. A. donatg B. g C. deliverg D. volunteerg
13. A. paved B. covered C. measured D. dered
14. A. arguts B. terviews C. negotiations D. dered
15. A. met B. driv C. addressed D. conversations
16. A. ev B. ever C. once D. already
17. A. earned B. received C. assessed D. ded
18. A. trsportation B. style C. te D. counication
19. A. forced B. awkward C. ridiculous D. suspicious
20. A. selects B. recites C. guesses D. rbers
21. A. act on B. settle on C. check on D. agree on
22. A. club B. league C. college D. progrme
23. A. far B. around C. beyond D. forwards
24. A. assist B. watch C. urge D. warn
25. A. expects B. attpts C. ages D. hesitates
26. A. extra B. unusual C. necessary D. adequate
27. A. share B. fuel C. repair D. exge
28. A. required B. allowed C. rded D. convced
29. A. experce B. arrt C. appreciation D. ployt
30. A. effort B. bition C. privilege D. convce
t to explore new cultures, meet new people d do sometg worthwhile at the se te? You do all the three with Global Developt Association（GDA）.Whatever stage of life you're at, wherever you go d whatever project you do GDA, you'll create positive ges a poor d rote counity（社区）.
We work with volunteers of all ages d backgrounds. Most of our volunteers are aged 17-24. Now we need volunteer agers aged 25-75. They are extrely portt the safe d effective runng of our progrmes. We have such roles as project agers, mount leaders, d counication officers.
Depg on which role you choose, you could help to crease a counity's access to safe drg water, or help to protect valuable local cultures. You might also des advture ge to tr young volunteers.
Not only will you help our young volunteers to develop personally, you'll also learn new skills d crease your cultural awaress. You may have ces to meet new people who'll become your lifelong frds.
This suer we have both 4-week d 7-week progrmes：
5 Jul.-1 Aug.
20 Jun. -7 Aug.
24 Jul.-20 Aug.
19 Jun.-6 Aug.
20 Jul.-16 Aug.
18 Jun.-5 Aug.
2 Aug.-29 Aug.
15 Jun.-2 Aug.
GDA sures that volunteers work with counity bers d local project partners where our help is needed. All our projects to promote the developt of poor d rote counities.
There is no other ce like a GDA progrme. Jo us as a volunteer ager to develop your own skills while brg efits to the counities.
d out more about jog a GDA progrme:
31. What is the responsibility of volunteer agers?
A. To seek local partners. B. To take young volunteers.
C. To carry out progrmes. D. To foster cultural awaress.
32. The progrme ng August will operate .
A. Egypt B. Algeria C. ya D. South Africa
33. The shared goal of GDA's projects is to .
A. explore new cultures B. protect the viront
C. corporate efits D. help counities need
Alice Moore is a tager trepreur（创业者）, who May 2015 set up her busess dy. By the te she was 13, her compy was worth millions of dollars with the vtion of a super-sweet treat that could save kids' teeth, stead of destroyg t.
It all Moore visited a k with her dad. On the outg, she was offered a dy bar. However, her dad rded her that sugary treats were bad for her teeth. But Moore was sick of missg out on dies. So she desired to get round the warng, "Why 't I make a healthy dy that's good for my teeth so that my parts 't say no to it?" With that d, Moore asked her dad if she could start her own dy compy. He recoded that she do some research d talk to tists about what a healthier dy would cont.
With her dad's permission, she spt the next two years researg one d conductg trials to get a recipe that was both tasty d tooth-frdly. She also approached tists to learn more about teeth g. Consequtly, she succeeded g a d of dy only usg natural sweeters, which reduce oral bacteria.
Moore t used her savgs to get her busess of the ground. Afterwards, she d her father secured their first busess meetg with a supermarket owner, who ally agreed to sell Moore's productdy.
As dy's success grows, so does Moore's credibility as a young trepreur. Moore is thusiastic about the dy she created, d she's also positive about what the future might brg. She hopes that every kid have a mouth d a broad smile.
while, with her parts' help, Moore is erally able to live a normal tage life. Although she founded her compy early on life, she wasn't driv prarily by profit. Moore ts to use her unique tt to help others d their smiles. She donates 10% of dy's profits to Big Smiles. With her tt d deteration, it appears that the sky could be the it for Alice Moore.
34. How did Moore react to her dad's warng?
A. She argued with . B. She tried to d a way out.
C. She paid no atttion. D. She chose to consult tists.
35. What is special about dy?
A. It is eficial to tal health. B. It is free of sweeters.
C. It is sweeter t other dies. D. It is produced to a tists' recipe.
36. What does Moore expect from her busess?
A. To earn more money. B. To help others d smiles.
C. To make herself std out. D. To beat other dy compies.
37. What we learn from Alice Moore's story?
A. e is a great thirst of the young.
B. A youth is to be regarded with respect.
C. Positive tg d action result success.
D. Success s gettg personal desires satisfied.
The pro of robocalls has gott so bad that y people now refuse to pick up calls from numbers they don't ow. By next year, half of the calls we receive will be ss（欺诈）. We are ally g up to the severity of the pro by supportg d developg a group of tools, apps d approaches tded to prevt smers from gettg through. Unfortunately, it's too little, too late. By the te these ＂solutions"（解决方案）become widely available, smers will have moved onto cleverer s. the near future, it's not just gog to be the number you see on your scr that will be doubt. Soon you will also question whether the voice you're hearg is actually real.
That's because there are a number of powerful voice ipulation ( 处理 ) d automation tologies that are about to become widely available for yone to use. At this year's I/O Conferce, a compy showed a new voice tology able to produce such a convg hu-soung voice that it was able to speak to a receptionist d book a reservation without detection.
These developts are likely to make our currt pros with robocalls much worse. The reason that robocalls are a headache has less to do with ount t precision. A decade of data breaches（数据侵入）of personal formation has led to a situation where smers easily learn your mother's ne, d far more. Armed with this owledge, they're able to carry out dividually targeted ps to cheat people. This s, for exple, that a smer could call you from what looks to be a iliar number d talk to you usg a voice that sounds exactly like your k teller's, trg you to "confirg" your address, mother's ne, d card number. Smers follow money, so compies will be the worst hit. A lot of busess is still done over the phone, d much of it is based on trust d existg relationships. Voice ipulation tologies may that gradually.
We need to deal with the secure nature of our telecom networks. Phone carriers d consumers need to work together to d ways of deterg d counicatg what is real. That might either developg a uniform way to mark videos d ages, shog d who they were made by, or dong phone calls altogether d movg towards data-based counications - usg apps like FaceTe or WhatsApp, which be tied to your tity.
Credibility is hard to earn but easy to lose, d the pro is only gog to get harder from here on out.
38. How does the author feel about the solutions to pro of robocalls?
A. Picked. B. Confused. C. barrassed. D. Disappoted.
39. Tg advtage of the new tologies, smers ___________.
A. at victs precisely B. age databases easily
C. start ps rapidly D. spread formation widely
40. What does the passage ply?
A. Honesty is the best policy.
B. Tologies be double-edged.
C. There are more solutions t pros.
D. Credibility holds the key to developt.
41. Which of the follog would be the best title for the passage?
A. Where the Pro of Robocalls Is Rooted
B. Who Is to e for the Pro of Robocalls
C. Why Robocalls Are About to Get More gerous
D. How Robocalls Are Affectg the World of Tology
By the d of the tury, if not sooner, the world's os will be bluer d grer tks to a warg ate, accorg to a new study.
At the heart of the poon lie ty mare microorisms（海洋微生物）called phytopkton. Because of the way light reflects off the orisms, these phytopkton create colourful patterns at the o surface. O colour varies from gr to blue, depg on the type d contration of phytopkton. ate ge will fuel the growth of phytopkton some areas, while redug it other spots, g to ges the o's appearce.
Phytopkton live at the o surface, where they pull carbon dioxide（二氧化碳）to the o while givg off oxy. these orisms die, they bury carbon the deep o, portt process that helps to regulate the global ate. But phytopkton are vuerable to the o's warg trd. Warg ges key characteristics of the o d affect phytopkton growth, sce they need not only sunlight d carbon dioxide to grow, but also nutrts.
Stepie Dutkiewicz, a stist MIT's ter for Global ge Sce, built a ate model that projects ges to the os throughout the tury. a world that warms up by 3℃, it found that multiple ges to the colour of the os would occur. The model projects that currtly blue areas with little phytopkton could become ev bluer. But some waters, such as those of the Arctic, a warg will make conditions riper for phytopkton, d these areas will turn grer. ＂Not only are the qutities of phytopkton the o g,＂she said, ＂but the type of phytopkton is g. ＂
d why does that matter? Phytopkton are the base of the food web. If cert ds to disappear from the o, Dutkiewicz said, ＂it will ge the type of fish that will be able to survive.＂ Those ds of ges could affect the food .
Whatever colour ges the o experces the cog decades will probably be too gradual d unnoticeable, but they could st ges. ＂It'll be a while before we statistically show that the ges are happg because of ate ge,＂ Dutkiewicz said, ＂but the ge the colour of the o will be one of the early warng sals that we really have ged our pet.＂
42. What are the first two paragraphs ly about?
A. The various patterns at the o surface.
B. The cause of the ges o colour.
C. The way light reflects off mare orisms.
D. The efforts to fuel the growth of phytopkton.
43. What does the undered word＂vuerable＂ Paragraph 3 probably ?
A. Ssitive. B. eficial. C. St. D. Unnoticeable.
44. What we learn from the passage?
A. Phytopkton play a g role the mare ecosyst.
B. Dutkiewicz's model s to project phytopkton ges.
C. Phytopkton have used to control global ate.
D. Os with more phytopkton may appear grer.
45. What is the purpose of the passage?
A. To assess the consequces of o colour ges.
B. To alyse the composition of the o food .
C. To exp the effects of ate ge on os.
D. To troduce a new method to study phytopkton.
Much of the work today's world is accomplished（完成） ts. Most people believe the best way to build a great t is to gather a group of the most tted dividuals. 46 Compies spd millions hirg top busess people. Is their money well spt?
47 They focused on football, basketball d baseball. The results are mixed. For football d basketball, g tted players to a t proves a good method, but only up to the pot where 70% of the players are top tt; above that level, the t's perforce s to e. terestgly, this trd isn't evt baseball, where additional dividual tt keeps provg the t's perforce.
To exp this poon, the researchers explored the degree to which a good perforce by a t requires its bers to coorate（协调）their actions. 48 baseball, the perforce of dividual players is less dept on tmates. They conclude that task terdepce is high, t perforce will suffer there is too much tt, while dividual tt will have positive effects on t perforce task terdepce is lower. If a basketball star is, for exple, tryg to a high personal pot total, he may take a shot self it would be better to pass the ball to a tmate, affectg the t's perforce. Young childr learng to play t sports are oft told, ＂There is no I T.＂ 49
other possibility is that there is a lot of tt on a t, some players may make less effort. Just as a e of tug-of-war（拔河比赛）, ever a person is added, everyone else pulls the rope with less force.
50 . A-t may require a ot just A players, but a few erous B players as well.
A. It's not a sple matter to detere the nature of tt.
B. Sports t owners spd millions of dollars attractg top tt
C. The group teraction d its effect drew the researchers' atttion.
D. Stars appartly do not follow this basic prciple of sportsship.
E. Several rt studies exed the role of tt the sports world.
F. Bug up a dr t is more complex t sply hirg the best tt.
G. This task terdepce distguishes baseball from football d basketball.
1. voiced 2. g 3. myself 4. marked 5.
6. activities 7. suggests/suggested/has suggested 8. where
9. who/that 10. gful
11. C 12. D 13. B 14. D 15. B
16. A 17. B 18. A 19. B 20. D
21. C 22. D 23. C 24. A 25. D
26. C 27. A 28. B 29. A 30. C
31. C 32. D 33. D 34. B 35. A
36. B 37. C 38. D 39. A 40. B
41. C 42. B 43. A 44. D 45. C
46. B 47. E 48. G 49. D 50. F
One possible version:
I'm pleased that you're cog to tour a.
I suggest that you from g, d I'll show you around. T will be your next stop. After that, you go to Sghai, where you stay for a week. You take high-speed trs to both cities.
Suer these cities is hot d ry, so take suer wear plus umbrella with you.
Loog forward to your arrival.
1. 宣传动员 2. 准备行李 3. 体验劳动 4. 回家分享
One possible version:
Last week I took part a farmwork progrme the suburbs.
At the class meetg, our teacher told us about the progrme with the te "Worg is most beautiful". d he stressed the portce of worg with our own ds.
I got home, I packed up my luggage for the trip.
On the farm, we helped pick watermelons. While worg, I realised how hard it was to work the fields under a hot sun.
I e back home, I shared my experces with my parts. d they were very proud of me.